Chaturmas is held time of the year for retribution, starknesses, fasting, washing in blessed streams and strict observances for all. Aficionados resolve to watch some type of promise, be it of quiet or keeping away from a most loved food thing, or having just a solitary supper in a day.Let’s investigate Chaturmasya and its significance through this fascinating article.
The rutus (periods) of Varsha (rainstorm), Sharad (pre-winter) and Hemant (winter) fall in the time of Dakshinayan (the southernly declination of the sun). In these three seasons the times of Holy celebrations are generally more, particularly in the storms.
Because of the downpours, the occurrence of infections is high, consequently more consideration should be paid to wellbeing. The Holy celebrations bring about intermittent fasts and utilization of sattvik food, notwithstanding a limitation partially on outside food. As indicated by Spirituality, lesser accessibility of daylight in the blustery season expands the quality of negative energies, in this way expanding the Tama part. This expansion in Tama part is destructive for us and henceforth, to counter that, we have to build our Sattva segment. Commending celebrations helps in expanding the Sattva segment. Likewise, the time of Dakshinayan is in any case negative from sattvikta perspective. Thus, for the sake of Holy celebrations we in reality get a chance of expanding sattvikta.
‘Chaturmas’ is the time of four months from Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi (Eleventh day of the brilliant fortnight of the Hindu lunar month of Ashadh) to Kartik Shukla Ekadashi (Eleventh day of the splendid fortnight of the Hindu lunar month of Kartik) or Ashadh Pournima (Full-moon day) to Kartik Pournima.
Time and Deities
One year of man is equal to one day and night of the Deities. ‘As one goes starting with one measurement then onto the next, the size of estimation of time changes’. This has been demonstrated by the experience of space travelers who have come back from the Moon.
Dakshinayan is the night and Uttarayan (summer solstice) is the day of Deities. On the event of Kark Sankrant (section of the sun into the zodiac indication of Cancer), Uttarayan is finished and Dakshinayan, that is the evening of Deities starts. Kark Sankrant falls in the period of Ashadh. Thus, Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi is called Shayani Ekadashi on the grounds that it is accepted that on this day the ‘Divinities rest’. On Kartik Shukla Ekadashi the Deities wake up from their rest. Subsequently, it is alluded to as Prabodhini (and furthermore Bodhini, Devotthani) Ekadashi. In reality since Dakshinayan comprises of a half year, the evenings of the Deities also should keep going for a half year. In any case, just four months are finished till Bodhini Ekadashi. This implies the Deities wake up and start their exercises when 33% of the night is as yet remaining.
‘While crafted by ‘Nav-shrushti-nirmiti’ (Creation of new universe) of Deity Brahma is going on, the Sustainer, Shrivishnu is latent; henceforth the four months of Chaturmas are alluded to as the Vishnushayan (rest of Shrivishnu). It is said that around then Shrivishnu rests in the Kshirsagar (Celestial sea). Vishnushayan is commended on Ashadh Shukla Ekadashi while Vishnuprabodhotsav is praised after Kartik Shukla Ekadashi, that is on the Dwadashi (Twelfth day).
Significance of Chaturmas
During this time of rest of the Deities, evil presences become dynamic and start bothering people. The sacred writings state that, ‘to shield oneself from these evil presences every one ought to embrace some vrat (Vowed strict recognition)’. A statement says –
वार्षिकांश्चतुरो मासान् वाहयेत् केनचिन्नरः ।
व्रतेन न चेदाप्नोति किल्मिषं वत्सरोद्भवम् ।।
Which means : Every year during chaturmas, we ought to attempt some vrat else we will bring about the transgression of samvatsarodbhav (having botched the chance that year).
Exceptional qualities of Chaturmas
A. As a result of the blustery season during this period, the presence of earth is unique.
B. Voyaging is troublesome in light of the pinnacle blustery season. Thus, the custom of undertaking Chaturmasya vrat while positioned in one spot got predominant.
C. During this period, our psychological state likewise experiences a change. Different frameworks in the body, for example, the stomach related framework, work in an alternate way. With due thought to this reality, it has been prompted that food, for example, tubers, brinjals, tamarind and so forth be illegal during this period.
D. The quality of the Chaturmasya, is performing acts which are favorable for Spirituality and staying away from those which are unsafe to life.
E. The long stretch of Shravan (Hindu lunar month) remembered for the Chaturmasya is of extraordinary noteworthiness. In obscurity fortnight, in the long stretch of Bhadrapad (Hindu lunar month), Mahalay shraddha (Rituals to pacify left progenitors’ unpretentious bodies) is performed.
F. Purpose behind an enormous number of celebrations and vrat during Chaturmasya: During Chaturmasya, that is, the long periods of Shravan, Bhadrapad, Ashwin and Kartik, a more noteworthy extent of the Tama-overwhelming Yama frequencies arrive at the earth. To have the option to hold up under the impact of these, it is fundamental to build the Sattva segment in ourselves. Since celebrations and vrat help increment the Sattva segment, they are praised in bigger numbers during the Chaturmasya time frame. In his exploration, Prof. Dr. WS Koeger, Gynecologist at the Chicago Medical School, found a more prominent occurrence of uterus related issues in ladies, especially in Bharat, during the four months from July to October.
G. A vrat ought to be embraced in the four months of Chaturmasya.
Vrat attempted in Chaturmas
Normal individuals attempt vrat during Chaturmasya. One ought to adhere to some standard when taking a dinner from the different examples of suppers, for example, parna-bhojan (eating on a leaf), ek-bhojan (eating just a single feast), ayachit (eating just what is given), ekavadhi (eating just one aiding of food) or a blended feast (eating food served once, in the wake of blending it) and so on.
A few ladies attempt the vrat known as ‘dharne-parne’ in the Chaturmasya. In this, one ought to eat and quick on exchange days for four continuous months. Numerous ladies continue themselves on a couple of sorts of food grains during the Chaturmasya. Many remain alive on just a single supper during the day. Different examples of lead during Chaturmasya are seen relying upon the district.
- Acts restricted during Chaturmas
- In the Chaturmasya one is taboo from devouring lime arranged from creature debris, water from a cowhide vessel, lime, the citron natural product, food not offered to God as oblation through fire (vaishvadev) and food not offered to Shrivishnu, lentils, meat, white beans, beans, kidney beans, pickles, brinjals, watermelons, multi-seeded or seedless organic products, radish, debris gourd, berries, gooseberries, tamarind, onion and garlic.
- Resting on a bed.
- Intercourse with a lady, in the period barring the sixteen evenings after the principal menses following marriage.
- Eating food prepared by others.
- Getting hitched or other related errands.
- Religious zealots are taboo from shaving in Chaturmasya. It has been suggested by Dharmasindhu and different sacred texts, that they should remain in one spot during these four months and if that is preposterous, in any event for two months.
B. Not denied
It is prompted that during Chaturmasya, havishyanna (food fit to be offered through fire) be expended. Rice, lentils, grain, sesame seeds, grams, wheat, ocean salt, cow’s milk, curd, ghee, jackfruit, mango, coconut, banana and so forth are the food things that are havishyanna.
Ramarchanchandrika states that Vaishnavites ought to get themselves marked with seals on Ashadhi and Kartik Ekadashi. (Leaders of some sub organizations heat seals and put their impact on others’ bodies and this is called taptamudra.) One goes over a few statements in commendation of or against marking by Taptamudra. Subsequently, the Dharmasindhu states that one ought to follow these customs as per the neighborhood standards.